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Property advice | Mortgage guide | Mortgage glossary

Mortgage guide: Mortgage glossary

Listings for P

part & part
- a generic phrase referring to a loan, part of which is interest only (i.e. the capital never declines) with the remaining part being repaid as under capital & interest arrangement. The capital remaining at the end of the mortgage term would normally be expected to be repaid from a proceeds of a life policy or investment. See also: part endowment.

part endowment
- a mortgage that is arranged partly on an endowment basis, the balance of the loan most commonly being arranged on a capital and interest basis.

pay rate
- See: initial rate.

payment method
- means by which the mortgage capital is eventually repaid. e.g. endowment plan, tax free cash sum from pension.

payment protection insurance
- see ASU accident, sickness and unemployment insurance. and unemployment insurance.

payment schedule
- schedule of monthly payments under a loan.

- annuity payable on a regular basis (normally to a retired person).

pension mortgage
- an interest-only mortgage where the capital will be repaid from the tax free cash sum that can be received from the pension fund at maturity.

pension plans
- see sub menu.

- the length of time for which, or end date until, the initial interest rate applies.

personal equity plan
- An investment in shares, unit trusts or investment trusts where all the proceeds are currently free of income and capital gains tax. Depending on the lender, you can use PEP's to repay an interest only mortgage. The Government announced in 1997 their intention to launch Individual Saving Accounts (ISA's) from April 1999 to build upon the experience of PEP's and TESSA's. Existing PEP's were allowed to continue after April 1999 but you were not allowed to put any more money into them.

personal lines
- see general insurance.

personal pension
- Established under the Social Security Act 1986, personal pensions allow individuals to make their own provision for an income in retirement. Tax relief is allowable on the contributions at the investor's highest marginal tax rate. Investments grow free of all taxes to create a fund to be used at retirement to purchase an annuity. Up to 25% of the fund may be taken as tax free cash and the balance must be used to purchase an annuity. Alternatively, from July 1995 the balance may be used in an income withdrawal annuity arrangement.

- describes a mortgage that can be transferred from one property to another. This most commonly applies to loans in the category of Treasury product.

- an alphanumeric code defined by the post office which can identify properties to a location of within a handful of dwellings. Since their introduction postcodes have been used for a number of other purposes including assessing premiums for household insurance.

postcode area
- the first one or two letters of the first part of the postcode. e.g. B for Birmingham, TW for Twickenham.

- amount payable. See: term assurance.

previous lender's reference
- reference from a lender who has previously lent money to a prospective borrower regarding the conduct of the loan account.

- the original amount of the loan, the capital.

- is a mortgage product offered by a lender.

- person who is a member of a recognised profession, such as a doctor or solicitor. The definition of a professional can vary substantially from lender to lender with occupations such as banker being accepted as a profession by some but rejected by others. Many professions are disqualified from practising if they become bankrupt.

profit cost
- that part of a solicitor's bill which covers his or her own time and profit.

- gross profit - profit of a company before allowing for the expenses of running the business. This is not a reliable measure of a company's ability to provide income as not all of the gross profit will be available to the owners for distribution.
net profit -net profit - the income of a company or self employed business after making full allowance for the expenses of running the business (and, in the case of a limited company, corporation tax.) This should be the amount available to the owners of the business for their own benefit and consequently is the figure that can be used to calculate their ability to service a mortgage.

profit related pay
- PRP -Introduced under the Finance Act No 2 1987, PRP schemes are sponsored by employers and allow employees to receive some of their pay (the lower of 20% of their pay or £4,000) tax free provided that payments are linked to the profitability of the employer. Rules governing PRP schemes are defined when the scheme was set up and individual scheme rules should be available to employees.

property construction
- method of construction, see sub menu.

property type
- see sub menu.

property status
- see sub menu.

property occupancy
- see sub menu.

- acquisition of a property.

purpose built flat
- flat designed and built as such; a self contained residential unit contained within a larger structure containing several self contained units or flats all sharing a common entrance.

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